Māori Health Review Issue 73

Tēnā koutou katoa. Nau mai ki tenei Tirohanga hou Hauora Māori.

Greetings and welcome to Issue 73 of Māori Health Review.


In this issue:

  • Inequalities in cervical cancer between Māori and non-Māori
  • Ethnic disparities in attendance at chronic pain services
  • Have NZ doctors reached the Smokefree 2025 goal?
  • Ways to achieve tobacco endgame targets
  • A new approach for Māori mental health
  • AF burden amongst Māori and Pacifica people
  • Equity in public health economic analyses
  • Māori perceived appearance linked to smoking status
  • Weight loss programmes need to be culturally relevant
  • Enquiring about family violence
  • The occupational environment contributes to health inequities


Please keep your feedback and comments coming, we do appreciate them.


Also don’t forget that you can easily search for papers that have been reviewed in previous issues of Māori Health Review using our A-Z index. The index makes it simple to search for what you need. Search terms are listed in alphabetical order – and one click will take you straight to all the relevant abstracts.


Ngā mihi



Dr Matire Harwood


Please join us for the launch of new online exhibition: Maioha – Te Reo o te Māreikura

Kei te tuku pōwhiri te Poari Tiaki o Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision kia haere mai koutou ki te whakanui i a Maioha – Te Reo o te Māreikura – te tuawhā, te mutunga hoki o ngā whakaaturanga mō Ngā Taonga Kōrero i runga ipurangi. 

Wednesday, 13 June 2018 at 6pm
Te Rāapa, te 13 o Pipiri 2018, ā te 6 karaka

He kaupapa kōkiri i ngā reo Wāhine Māori ki mua – Making Māori women more visible through their voices.

I whiriwhirihia ngā reo wāhine Māori i ētahi uinga nō te tau 1993. He kaupapa a Maioha nā te peka o Te Rōpū Wāhine Māori Toko i te Ora ki Waiatarau, hei whakanui i te tau mō Ngā Iwi Taketake o te Ao, me te paunga hoki o te rautau o te Pōti Wāhine. I kōkiritia ngā reo wāhine Māori e te kaupapa nei.

The exhibition draws on material from a collection of radio interviews with Māori women originally broadcast in 1993. Maioha was a project instigated by the Waiatarau Branch of Te Rōpū Wāhine Māori Toko i te Ora, The Māori Women’s Welfare League (MWWL), to mark the International Year for the World’s Indigenous Peoples and the centenary of Women’s Suffrage. The project aimed to make Māori women more visible through their voices.

Haere mai ki te whakanui i a Maioha – Te Reo o te Māreikura, otirā i ngā taonga katoa kei a Ngā Taonga Kōrero e puritia ana – tētahi puranga kaupapa Māori o Irirangi Aotearoa.

Please join us to celebrate, not only the launch of Maioha – Te Reo o te Māreikura, but also all the treasures held in Ngā Taonga Kōrero collection – the archive of Radio New Zealand’s Māori radio programmes.

Ki hea – Where: Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision Cinema, 84 Taranaki Street, Wellington.

Ā hea – When: Wednesday, 13 June 2018, 6pm – 7.30pm.

The evening will include a guided tour through this new exhibition, followed by drinks and nibbles.

RSVP to rsvp@ngataonga.org.nz by Tuesday, 6 June. We’d love for you to join us!

The exhibiton will be available on our website – ngataonga.org.nz from 3pm on Wednesday, 13 June 2018.

He mihi tēnei ki Te Taura Whiri i Te Reo Māori me te māra waina Stonecutter, nā rātou te kaupapa i tautokohia.

The exhibiton is possible through the support of:

Thanks to Stonecutter Vineyard & Winery for their support of our exhibition launch



Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision | 84 Taranaki Street | Wellington 6011 | New Zealand</span


Please visit our website at www.ngataonga.org.nz


Ngā Taonga Sound & Vision is a registered charity CC22250. Donate to the archive at www.ngataonga.org.nz/about/support-the-archive

Worsening of gender wage gap one of the penalties of becoming a mother


A Motu Media Release


EMBARGOED TIL 5AM, 29 May 2018


The most famous mother-to-be in the country is due to give birth in less than a month, after which she plans to head back to work and her prime ministerial salary. That’s not the norm for most women, however, and research released today shows that motherhood generally still comes at a significant price for women.


“New Zealand is similar to the rest of the world in that the gender pay gap is larger among parents than people without children,” said Dr Isabelle Sin, Fellow at Motu Economic and Public Policy Research and co-author of the new paper.


“Across our sample, the hourly wage difference was 5.7 percent between similar men and women without children, but 12.5 percent between men and women who were parents,” said Dr Sin.


“The impact of parenthood is especially noticeable for women who were in a high-income bracket before giving birth and who returned to work quickly after becoming parents,” said Dr Sin.


“Prior to parenthood, these women experienced rapid income growth–they were on a trajectory to be very high earners. After they returned to work, often with reduced hours, their earnings were lower and grew at a crawl. This dampening of the income growth of top-earning women helps explain why relatively few women appear in the highest income brackets in New Zealand. A fast return to employment did have some benefits, though: their hourly wages didn’t fall as much as the wages of their slower-returning colleagues.”


In contrast, low-income women, such as young mothers, experienced small monthly income decreases with parenthood and similar income growth rates before and after having children.


“This isn’t necessarily a positive sign, as it could merely indicate that they were underemployed before motherhood,” said Dr Sin.


When men became parents, their hourly wages weren’t significantly affected. Women, on the other hand, faced 4.4 percent lower hourly wages than they could have expected if they hadn’t had children.


“This wage penalty for motherhood varied substantially. The longer mothers stayed at home, the bigger the drop in their hourly wages, with women who were out of paid work for more than a year experiencing an 8.3 percent wage penalty. Only some of this drop in pay can be explained by mothers moving to lower-paying jobs,” said Dr Sin.


Before becoming mothers, Māori and Pasifika women were far more likely not to be employed than Pākehā women, but this gap narrowed in percentage point terms after they became mothers. Pākehā mothers have a 59% employment rate in their child’s tenth year compared with 41% for Pasifika mothers and 45% for Māori mothers.


“On a more positive note, monthly income for Māori, Pasifika and Asian mothers in paid employment was slightly higher two years after their child’s birth than it was two years before,” said Dr Sin.


“Our research shows that parenthood exacerbates pre-parenthood gender wage gaps and this seems closely connected to women working less after they have children. I believe it will be hard for New Zealand to achieve gender equality in the labour market until it is just as common for a dad to stay home and take care of his children as it is a mum. Hopefully Jacinda and Clarke’s example will help spur cultural change in this direction,” said Dr Sin.


The study, Parenthood and labour market outcomes by Isabelle Sin (Motu, Victoria University of Wellington, and Te Pūnaha Matatini; Kabir Dasgupta (Auckland University of Technology and the New Zealand Work Research Institute); and Gail Pacheco (Auckland University of Technology and the New Zealand Work Research Institute) received funding from the Ministry for Women.


Summary haiku

Being a mother
Means decreased hours and wages.
No such change for dads.


To see the full parenthood and labour market outcomes executive summary, click here


Documentary Series ARTEFACT

A wee glimpse into the mahi that I’ve been working on and mentioned last year at National Conference for the documentary series Artefact.
We had the launch for Artefact last night at Te Papa Museum in Wellington (I made sure to wear my League badge, with many people noticing a League presence)
as our show will be going to air
Monday 7 May, 8:30pm on Māori Television and will continue for another 5 weeks.

I’d love it if you gave it a watch and let your whānau know.
Taua Aroha Reriti-Crofts even features on the series May 21.

Here’s a link to our Greenstone page with a wee preview http://www.greenstonetv.com/our-programmes/artefact/

If you miss an episode you can watch on demand at http://www.maoritelevision.com/tv/shows/artefact/on-demand

Hei manaaki,

Reriti Tau

Click here to view the Greenstone Email 2018

Maori/crown relations


Te Ara Whakamua a Tatou

The Minister officially launched the Korero Mai! Te ara whakamua ā tatou – Our path ahead – Crown/Maori relations engagement programme on Monday 19 March and you can find material and resources at the following site:  https://www.justice.govt.nz/maori-land-treaty/crown-maori-relations/   For example, you can find:

Use your networks to encourage participation in the engagement process.  This is an exciting opportunity to talk about how to improve the Crown/Māori relationship and the Minister’s initial set of ideas for the priorities he might focus on over the next three years.   Get involved either through attending a regional hui; by filling in the feedback form on the Ministry’s website; or by sending thoughts freepost to the Ministry.

Ministry of Justice/Tahu o te Ture,

Crown/Māori Relations,

Justice Centre,

19 Aitken Street,

DX SX10111,

Wellington 6011.

UN Women Aotearoa New Zealand April 2018 Newsletter

April 2018 Newsletter

Dear Members and Supporters

He mihi mahana ki a koe

Warm greetings to you

Thank you so much for your amazing support for our International Women’s Day 2018 Celebrations.

One of the great strengths of IWD every year is that it gathers women and girls from all over Aotearoa New Zealand to share their stories and to be inspired anew for action for the coming year. 2018 was no exception. This year, in part due to livestreaming of the annual Breakfast in Parliament, we reached more groups and individuals throughout New Zealand than ever before. We also reached out to groups overseas for the first time. To date, we have received $3,000 from your donations during IWD for the UN Women Meri Seif Bus project in Papua New Guinea.  Tenkyu tumas!

In addition to our IWD activities, we are also pleased to provide, courtesy of Dr Jackie Blue, Equal Employment Commissioner in the Human Rights Commission, a brief summary of New Zealand NGOs participation at the annual Commission on the Status of Women meeting held in March in New York.

With sadness, we note the recent death of long time UNIFEM and UN Women NCANZ Auckland based supporter, Lady Rae Frampton.  Beverley Turner, former UNIFEM President and UN Women Life member remembers Lady Rae.

Nga mihi nui
Barbara Williams
President UN Women National Committee Aotearoa NZ

IWD Events around Aotearoa NZ

Barbara Bedeschi Lewando, Vice –President and IWD Coordinator

The many events held across New Zealand, were a huge success and we couldn’t be more proud to see so many people join us in solidarity on the road to achieving gender equality and supporting women’s empowerment.

This year, our special thanks go to the Christchurch Local Committee of UN Women, and to the many groups which supported us including Zonta Club Marlborough, Soroptimists Waimea, Zonta, ICW and Graduate Women North Shore and Women’s Federation for World Peace. We really appreciate your support and look forward to next year to further strengthen our collaboration.

While International Women’s Day is one day, we know that recognising actions needed to achieve gender equality must be something we do everyday.

Together let us work to ensure that no woman is left behind, on International Women’s Day or ever. Thank you to all our supporters, partners, sponsors, guests and speakers for making this IWD an inspiration and another step forward for women’s empowerment.

If you made a kind donation at the event, our team will be processing your gift in the coming weeks and you will be sent a tax receipt via email or via post.

Images of our events are available on our Facebook account – click here to access.

If you would like to do more, you can still support women’s empowerment across the globe by donating to the Meri Seif Bus project or by purchasing an Esprit IWD 2018 Signature Scarf here.

Thank you again for your support.

IWD breakfast at Parliament 2018

Sue Kedgley, UN WomenNCANZ Board Member and Breakfast Coordinator

Helen Clark was the star attraction at the International Women’s Day breakfast at Parliament this year, organized by the National committee for UN Women and Wellington Zonta and hosted by the Minister for Women, Julie Anne Genter.

The Governor General, Dame Patsy Reddy, spoke at the breakfast, along with the Minister for Women, and the Women’s Choir sang ‘I Can’t Keep Quiet’ in Te Reo.

Then Dr Gill Greer, Executive Director of the National Council for Women, interviewed Helen Clark for 40 minutes.

The breakfast was a huge success, with 400 people attending the event at Parliament. As well, we live streamed the breakfast for the first time, and thousands of people tuned into the breakfast by live stream from all around New Zealand, and in 14 other countries,. More than 100 groups organized breakfasts in their local communities around New Zealand to participate in the breakfast.

Here is the link to – the entire breakfast or just the interview with Helen Clark.

So far 1,400 people have uploaded the video of the interview with Helen Clark, and more than 1000 people have uploaded the video of the whole event.

The feedback we have received from the breakfast and from the people who watched it by live stream has been incredibly positive, and we intend to live stream the breakfast again next year.

Live streaming of the event was made possible by the generosity of UN Women Empowerment Partner, the ANZ Bank New Zealand Limited.

Commission on the Status of Women (CSW) women: a New Zealand perspective

New Zealand presented a Side Event* at CSW62, chaired by Dr Jackie Blue and speakers addressed:  “Empowerment of Rural Women through economic opportunity”.   This was a wide ranging presentation and very well received by a packed audience; see:  https://www.hrc.co.nz/news/advocating-womens-rights-united-nations/

The New Zealand Mission hosted a most enjoyable evening reception at the Mission to celebrate NZ’s 125th Anniversary of Suffrage and all ‘kiwis’ at CSW62 were presented with distinctive white camellia lapel pins to mark the occasion.

* ‘Side Events’ are hosted by Governments, UN agencies etc and held on UN premises, nearly always within UN Headquarters.
Side Events should not to be confused with NGO Parallel Events which are held in various meeting spaces across 4 venues within 20 minutes walk  of UN – NZers were involved in hosting and/or presenting at several of these; also in facilitating the 2nd Asia Pacific Regional caucus.

In memory of Lady Rae Margaret Frampton BA, MNZM who died on 13 March 2018, aged 87 years

Beverley Turner, former President of UNIFEM (predecessor of UN WomenNCANZ)

Lady Rae Frampton a former President of the Auckland Branch Committee of UNIFEM New Zealand died recently in Auckland after a long and active community life.  Rae was an enthusiastic supporter of many voluntary organisations dedicated to making a difference in society, especially to the lives of women both in New Zealand and overseas.  These included National Council of Women New Zealand where she enthusiastically convened the Home Economics and Consumer Affairs Standing Committee from 1990 and also New Zealand Federation of University Women, now Graduate Women New Zealand where she served a successful term as Auckland Branch President.  NZFUW/FGWNZ’s primary focus on the importance of education for girls and women as a means of ensuring that everyone in society is able to develop to their fullest potential fitted Rae’s values well and had much appeal.

A colleague from another international NGO to which Rae belonged within New Zealand recalls that “Rae was a calm and positive influence working toward the betterment of the status of women and encouraging women to achieve with university qualifications.  She was always willing to help and give useful advice gained over many years from her wide involvement with various NGOs.”

The 1998-1999 UNIFEM New Zealand Auckland Region’s 6th Annual Report presented by Rae as the outgoing President detailed a busy year of activity under her very capable leadership.  Activities had ranged from the annual IWD fundraising Breakfast in central Auckland and other successful IWD fund-raisers in Titirangi and Papakura; to ‘Dollars for Women’ fund-raising by Westlake Girls students.  A unique event convened by Rae was a special Dames’ Day Afternoon Tea based on the themes of Gender Equity and Progress for Women with ten recipients of this highest honour partaking vigorously in a skilfully chaired Q & A session; the considerable donations received also signalled the increasing visibility of ‘UNIFEM Auckland’ as we were known.

Rae was a modest leader and could seem self-effacing at times as she worked quietly and diligently to support UNIFEM goals in support of human rights of women and girls with an increasing focus on the Pacific region.
Several UNIFEM Auckland colleagues during Rae’s presidency have shared their memories of Rae…
‘Rae may have been quietly spoken but she was passionate about women’s rights.’
‘Her goals were clear, both nationally and internationally; Rae was always positive and willing to “give it a go”.’
‘I remember Rae as a small, slight and modest woman with bright eyes and a very big social conscience’…

When Jane Prichard, a long-time friend of Rae’s spoke at Rae’s funeral, she concluded by saying:  
Thank you Rae for the life that you yourself described as  “challenging, enlightening, stimulating and enjoyable”.  What more could you ask…

Sir Alan and Lady Rae Frampton with Massey University Chancellor Russ Ballard – Taken on March 13, 2013

NCW launches findings of the Gender Equal Survey

New Zealand’s first Gender Attitudes Survey shows strong ideas about what boys and men “should” be like hold us all back

Gender Equal NZ, led by the National Council of Women, has today released the results of New Zealand’s first Gender Attitudes Survey, along with the Good Guys animated short film and infographic.
“We carried out this demographically representative survey with Research NZ in late 2017” says National Council of Women CE and Gender Equal NZ spokesperson Gill Greer.  “The Gender Attitudes Survey tested attitudes around gender roles – in the household, at school, at work and in the community and gives us a snapshot of where we’re at in New Zealand on gender”
“The good news is most New Zealanders recognise gender equality is a fundamental right for all of us. But we are seeing a pocket of New Zealanders that hold old-fashioned views about gender stereotypes and roles” says Gill, “these views hold all New Zealanders back from achieving true gender equality.”

Read the full basic report from the Gender Attitudes Survey here.
View the Good Guys animated film here.
View and download the Good Guys infographic here.
Link to www.genderequal.nz

SDG Summit

UN Women NCANZ will be represented at the SDG Summit being held in Wellington on 23 April. We will report on this ground breaking event in our next newsletter.

Thank you for your support of UN Women Aotearoa New Zealand.  There are plenty of ways you can be involved: